University of Wollongong

Sam is a Palaeolithic archaeologist interested in the evolution of our species. By studying flaked stone artefacts from Africa, Europe, and Asia, he investigates the changing behavioural capacities of our hominin ancestors and the ways with which they interacted with the environment over the past 100,000 years. Sam currently conducts excavation at a Palaeolithic site in North China, and also runs laboratory research at the University of Wollongong to better understand the production of stone artefacts. For his role in CABAH, Sam works on expanding the centre’s research in eastern Indonesia, particularly across the island region of ‘Wallacea’. By collaborating with colleagues from Indonesia and Australia, he focuses on extending archaeological and ecological projects into areas that had minimal prior research. Sam’s work will improve our knowledge of the natural and human history of this important neighbouring region of Australia.


An essential item in Sam’s toolkit

One of the essential items in my field toolkit is a total station. A total station is an instrument that can measure and record the location of a particular point in space within a 3D coordinate system. I use it to record the location of archaeological finds and other natural features with high precision. These spatial data are important as they not only keep a record of where things were found, but also can potentially inform us about how past humans organised their activities across the site during different time periods.